MR morphometry analysis of grey matter volume reduction in schizophrenia: Association with hallucinations

Research Area: Research Year: 2006
Type of Publication: Article
Authors: Neckelmann, G; Specht, Karsten; Lund, A; Ersland, Lars; Smievoll, A I; Neckelmann, D; Hugdahl, Kenneth
Abstract:
The authors used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to study GM volume differences in the whole brain volume between a group of patients with schizophrenia and a healthy control group. There were 12 patients and 12 control subjects. The subjects were scanned in a 1.5 T MR scanner. The patients had all been evaluated by a senior psychiatrist on the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS). The VBM data was correlated with reports of rate and frequency of hallucinations based on their scores on the BPRS hallucination item. There were significant grey matter volume reductions in the schizophrenia patient group in the left superior (transverse) temporal gyrus, the left middle frontal gyrus, and in the right cuneus. Areas of grey matter volume reduction that correlated negatively with hallucinations were found in the left superior (transverse) temporal gyrus, left thalamus, and left and right cerebellum. This article proposes that significant reductions in grey matter volume may be instrumental in generating spontaneous neuronal activity that is associated with speech perception experiences in the absence of an external acoustic stimulus that may cause hallucinations.
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